Since its discovery in the year 1906, in a span of little more than one century. the disease has become the 4th largest killer after heart disease, cancer and Tuberculosis(TB) in country like the US, the U. K, Japan And other developed countries where Average life span of an individual is above 60. Any people above 60 is vulnerable to this disease. the chances of vulnerability to the disease increases as the people above 60 keeps on gaining age higher than 60. the older the age of a person, the more vulnerable a person becomes to this disease.
The disease is more commonly known as the disease of memory loss of the elderly people or the disease of forgetfulness as the affected people begin gradually to loose from his or her memory whatever he or she has store in their brain. As a result of this an affected person forgets name even of his near and dear, friends, relatives. He or she even forgets faces even of his or her son, daughter and others known to him or her. The affected person forgets many details of his daily activities and his or her life this is why a person suffering from this disease has to depend on others for almost every kind of activities of life.
What is the precise reason of this Alzheimer Disease? No one knows the answer. The discipline of modern medicine is still groping in the darkness to find the exact reason behind the onset of the disease, more particularly in the elderly people of our species of mankind. The progress of science and technology, especially the progress of medical sciences in the last hundred years , and our strong will power to fight against the dreaded diseases of human species have enabled us to conquer many infectious and non-infectious disease, such as T. B, Cholera. Malaria and other numerous diseases for which drug cure is available as protection against those diseases.
Alzheimer`s Disease is a very important and worrisome exceptions for which there is no treatment leading to cure. This is why a person with this disease can not lead normal life like all other human beings. As the disease progresses, because of no treatment available. a patient gradually becomes incapable to carry out even the daily routine activity of his or her life. Life becomes increasingly dependent on the family members for anything and everything, that is, from the time up wake up in the morning till the time a patients falls sleep.
As there is no treatment leading to cure from this disease, a growing number of elderly persons is falling the victims of this disease. You will be very much surprised if you Know how many people in the world has fallen victim of this disease and are forced to lead a life nobody desires. The figure is quite staggering -more than 30 million people. this is not the last figure :more frightening is the fact that this number is increasing fast and more and more people is falling in the net of the disease.
The disease creates more problem as not only the treatment but even the diagnosis of the disease is not 100 percent sure. There are no direct tests known that can fully ascertain the disease in an individual. Whatever tests are available to modern medicine today is all indirect. As Alzheimer Disease is one of the diseases of failure of memory system. It means that there are other diseases of memory loss. How an expert physician diagnoses the disease is that he conducts the tests for all other disease of memory loss and if all of them prove negative, the concerned physician assumes that the person undergoing the test is most possibly suffering from Alzheimer`s Disease. Thus the test for Alzheiner’s is indirect and speculative.
So, a question can arise in the mind of a person how he or she can be 100 percent sure about the disease? The answer is that it is possible only after he or she dies! This is because that after the death, a portion of his or her brain will be extracted as a sample and put under a microscope to search for whether the sample has fragmented mass of brain tissue which is the only characteristic of the disease.
Why there is no direct and single test for this disease available for this disease also?the answer is quite simple :nobody knows the precise reason of the disease. Until the precise reason becomes known to the scientists they will not be able to invent a procedure that can directly test the disease as in the cases of AIDS, cancer, T.B. and most other diseases.
In the absence of any precise diagnosis how can one know that he or she is gradually victimised by the disease?It is very difficult to know the very early stage of the Disease. When the disease progresses to an intermediate stage, lapses in the memory system starts becoming clearer and the people around the person suffering from the disease begins to notice that something is going wrong with the person.
What happens to the brain of the elderly person leading to a medical condition of permanent forgetness? In fact the onset of the disease in a person begins in a person something leading to gradual destruction of the matter that compose the brain. As the disease progresses, increasing contents of the brain of an affected person is destroyed by the disease. and as you know that it is the brain which holds everything we learnt and remembered. So, when the contents of the brain is lost the memory stored in that part of the brain is also lost. This loss causes many kinds of disabilities over the course of time.
Scientifically speaking,our brain has following functional divisions : (1) The largest part is,as they call, the Cerebrum,(2) the Cerebellum,and (3) the Brain Stem. They work together to support all your mental and physical activities,anything you do knowingly and unknowingly:from the time you wake to the time you fall in the sleep and also during the period of sleep.In other words It is the brain that makes everything in your life possible.
The disease of Alzheimer does not spare any area of the brain unaffected,it gradually attacks and affects all areas of brain in the people suffering from this disease. As the disease keeps on affecting various parts of the brain of the sufferer, new symptoms keep on emerging and this keeps on until the death of the person.
The following is the list of symptoms or mental and physical disabilities manifesting in those suffering from this disease:
1. problem of recent memory loss
2. Problem of Attention
3. Problem of Language
4. Problem in generation of speech
5. Problem in social behavior
6. Problem in emotion
7. Problem of movement of body part
8. Problem in identifying of body parts
9. Problem of self identification
10. Problem of unawareness of space/locality / time
11. problem of sleep
12. Problem of writing
13. Problem of visual attention
14. Problem of identifying object
15. Problem of reading
16. Problem of hearing
17. Problem of irritability / anger
18. problem in recognition of face
19. Problem of long term memory
20. Problem of sense of smell
21. Problem of control on emotion
22. Problem of recent memory loss
23. Coordination of fine movement
24. Problem in holding objects
25. Problem in making rapid movement
The above information is the outcome of the research carried out in our Alpha Brain & Yoga Research Institute on the patients of Alzheimer Disease.